The Democratic maps take a different approach. Democrats argue that packing too many Black voters into districts dilutes their strength elsewhere. The Democratic maps favor the creation of districts where Black voters are not necessarily a majority, but can create coalitions with whites and other minorities to give them a significant opportunity to elect the candidate of their choice.
The result of the Democratic approach is maps that give Democrats a higher partisan advantage, when you look at how the districts have voted in past elections. The Republican approach, unsurprisingly, happens to benefit the GOP.
Del. Marcus Simon, a Democrat from Fairfax County, said a new state voting-rights law, passed over Republican opposition, mandates the creation of so-called coalition districts where practicable.
“We made a legislative choice — I know some of you all didn’t vote for it, but we made a decision,” Simon said. “We knew we were…